【About】

The Western Xia Mausoleum is the royal mausoleum of the Western Xia Dynasty, located in the middle of eastern Helan Mountain 35 km west from Yinchuan. Nine emperors’ mausoleums are orderly arranged dotted with 271 accompanied tombs. It is one of the biggest emperor mausoleums with its ground site in integrity in China. It is called the Eastern Pyramid and mysterious wonder as a key Cultural Relic Unit under National Protection, a national key scenic site and a national AAAA grade scenic spot; it entered the tentative list for World Cultural Heritage of China in 2002. The Western Xia was a multi-ethnic country mainly composed by the Tangut Qing people. It existed 190 years undergoing 10 emperors from the founding by Yuan Hao in 1038 to the extinction by Mongolia in 1227. Its territory peaked 830 thousand sq.km stretched to the head of the Yellow River on the east, bordered Yumen Pass on the west, joined Xiaoguan Pass on the south, controlled the most part of the desert on the north. It covered the northern part of Shaanxi province, western part of Inner Mongolia, eastern part of Qinhai Province, most of Ningxia and Gansu Province, a small area of Xinjiang and the southern part of the Republic of Mongolia. It shared power with the Northern Song Dynasty and the Liao Kingdom in its early stage, and formed a situation of tripartite confrontation with the Southern Song Dynasty and the Jin Kingdom in its middle and later stage. It is described as “taking one third of land under heaven and dominated the northwest for two centuries. The Western Xia Kingdom made positive contributions to economy, culture, the multinational fusion as well as the local unification in t...
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